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Kevin Buchin, Sariel Har-Peled, and Dániel Oláh.

PDF : ESA talk. : arxiv : DBLP.

Reliable spanners can withstand huge failures, even when a linear number of vertices are deleted from the network. In case of failures, a reliable spanner may have some additional vertices for which the spanner property no longer holds, but this collateral damage is bounded by a fraction of the size of the attack. It is known that $\Omega(n\log n)$ edges are needed to achieve this strong property, where $n$ is the number of vertices in the network, even in one dimension. Constructions of reliable geometric $(1+\eps)$-spanners, for $n$ points in $\Re^d$, are known, where the resulting graph has $O( n \log n \log \log^{6}n )$ edges.

Here, we show randomized constructions of smaller size spanners that have the desired reliability property in expectation or with good probability. The new construction is simple, and potentially practical -- replacing a hierarchical usage of expanders (which renders the previous constructions impractical) by a simple skip-list like construction. This results in a $1$-spanner, on the line, that has linear number of edges. Using this, we present a construction of a reliable spanner in $\Re^d$ with $O( n \log \log^{2} n \log \log \log n )$ edges.

PDF.

Last modified: Tue 2020-09-22 15:00:47 UTC 2020 by Sariel Har-Peled