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Grid Peeling and the Affine Curve-Shortening Flow $\renewcommand{\Re}{{\rm I\!\hspace{-0.025em} R}} \newcommand{\SetX}{\mathsf{X}} \newcommand{\rad}{r} \newcommand{\query}{q} \newcommand{\eps}{\varepsilon} \newcommand{\VorX}[1]{\mathcal{V} \pth{#1}} \newcommand{\Polygon}{\mathsf{P}} \newcommand{\IntRange}[1]{[ #1 ]} \newcommand{\Space}{\overline{\mathsf{m}}} \newcommand{\pth}[2][\!]{#1\left({#2}\right)} \newcommand{\polylog}{\mathrm{polylog}} \newcommand{\N}{\mathbb N} \newcommand{\Z}{\mathbb Z}$

David Eppstein, Gabriel Nivasch, and Sariel Har-Peled.
In this paper we study an experimentally-observed connection between two seemingly unrelated processes, one from computational geometry and the other from differential geometry. The first one (which we call (grid peeling) is the convex-layer decomposition of subsets $G\subset \Z^2$ of the integer grid, previously studied for the particular case $G=\{1,\ldots,m\}^2$ by Har-Peled and Lidicky. The second one is the affine curve-shortening flow (ACSF), first studied by Alvarez etal (1993) and Sapiro and Tannenbaum (1993). We present empirical evidence that, in a certain well-defined sense, grid peeling behaves at the limit like ACSF on convex curves. We offer some theoretical arguments in favor of this conjecture. We also pay closer attention to the simple case where $G=\N^2$ is a quarter-infinite grid. This case corresponds to ACSF starting with an infinite L-shaped curve, which when transformed using the ACSF becomes a hyperbola for all times $t>0$. We prove that, in the grid peeling of $\N^2$, (1) the number of grid points removed up to iteration $n$ is $\Theta(n^{3/2}\log n)$; and (2) the boundary at iteration $n$ is sandwiched between two hyperbolas that are separated from each other by a constant factor.
Last modified: Wed 2018-05-30 21:07:14 UTC 2018 by Sariel Har-Peled